Digital Assets
Bitcoin (BTC)
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Bitcoin is supposed to be released in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto as a piece of software and a paper describing how it works. This is fundamentally a software, meaning anybody can run it on PC (personal computer), and at the same time participate in a global economy movement.

Bitcoin is fully decentralized - it operates without central authority or banks. Dealing with transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the network. The most important part of Bitcoin ecosystem is blockchain. Bitcoin’s blockchain is an open, distributed ledger. Because of this the transactions on the blockchain are verified by the consensus of every member, offering security and trust without a third-party being involved.

The individuals and companies owning the governing computing power and participating in the Bitcoin network, "miners," are motivated by rewards (the release of new bitcoin) and transaction fees paid in bitcoin. Mentioned above miners can be thought of as the decentralized authority enforcing the credibility of the Bitcoin network. New bitcoin is being released to the miners at a fixed, but periodically declining rate. One bitcoin is divisible to eight decimal places (100 millionth of one bitcoin), and this smallest unit is referred to as a Satoshi. If necessary, and if the participating miners accept the change, Bitcoin could eventually be made divisible to even more decimal places. Bitcoin is open-source, secure, irreversible, private and global.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://bitcoin.org/en/
Bitcoin Wiki: https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Main_Page
Bitcoin FAQ: https://bitcoin.org/en/faq
Block Explorer: https://blockchain.info/
Bitcoin Forum: https://bitcointalk.org/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Tether (USDT)
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Tether (USDT) is a digital currency issued on the Bitcoin Blockchain and based on the Omni Layer Protocol. Its most exciting feature is the ability to back every single USDT with the equivalent amount of US dollar redeemable by holders upon request through the Tether Platform. USDT allows its users to transfer, store and spend as long as their wallet is Omni Layer enabled (Omni Wallet, Ambisafe or Holy Transaction). Having the priority goal to replicate the value of national currencies, Tether provides an alternative to store value in the crypto market. Tether itself has no transaction fees, but it is possible external wallets and exchanges to charge one.

Using tools provided by Omnichest.info, website, Tether adopters can check the amount of USDT in circulation on the Bitcoin Blockchain at any time. This data can be compared with audited bank balance statements issued by Tether Limited through their Proof of Reserves system.

USDT aims to be a stable coin. With the help of Bitcoin Blockchain it strives to provide users with a price-stable asset for national currencies in a safe and transparent manner.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://tether.to/
Tether Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tether_(cryptocurrency)
Block Explorer: https://omniexplorer.info/
Tether Forum: https://www.investing.com/crypto/tether/chat
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Ethereum (ETH)
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Ethereum is an open platform launched in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin, enabling developers to build and deploy decentralized applications such as smart contracts and other complex applications. Smart contracts are the most prominent Ethereum feature. From building dapps that function as games to teams releasing their own ERC-20 tokens on Ethereum, a multitude of significant developments in the broader cryptocurrency industry have been enabled by leveraging this functionality of the EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine). All the applications develped on Ethereum run as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party being involved. These apps run on a custom built blockchain, a powerful shared global infrastructure that can move value around and represent the ownership of property.

Just like Bitcoin blockchain Ethereum requires miners to maintain and secure the network, incentivized by the reward of an Ethereum token, known as an Ether. Those tokens can used both - as payment for services and (the unique use case) as payment for Ethereum Gas. Gas runs the Ethereum Network. Every transaction on Ethereum and every smart contract executed costs gas. The amount of gas required to carry out the transaction is determined by the size of the contract or transaction. The gas system keeps the network from wasting resources on lengthy transactions.

The core principles of Ethereum Blockchain are trust, transparency, security and efficiency

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://www.ethereum.org/
Ethereum Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethereum
Block Explorer: https://etherscan.io/
Ethereum Forum: https://forum.ethereum.org/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Litecoin (LTC)
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Litecoin was released via an open-source client on October 7, 2011 by Charlie Lee, and went live on October 13, 2011. It is a peer-to-peer Internet currency that enables instant, near-zero (around 0.02$) cost payments to anyone in the world. Litecoin is an open source, global payment network that is fully decentralized without any central authorities. Litecoin blockchain is developed to handle a higher volume of transactions in comparison to Bitcoin. Implementation of frequent block generation, Lightening, and Segregated Witness (SegWit) enables the Litecoin network to support high volume transactions without needing to modify the software in the future. This makes Litecoin more efficient for merchants and customers who benefit from faster confirmation times and lower fees.

Scrypt, the algorithm used by Litecoin, allows for a higher degree of parallel processing and is generally much more accessible for new miners. Using Scrypt helps to facilitate the mining of Litecoin without using the ASIC-based mining hardware needed to mine coins using the SHA-256 algorithm. Miners are awarded with 25 new Litecoin per block, an amount which is halved every 4 years or approximately every 840,000 blocks.

Another exciting feature introduced by Litecoin is the “Atomic Swap”. Atomic swap enables a cross-chain exchange of coins without a third party interference. Atomic swaps work by utilizing Hashed timelock contracts, an application of the payment channels.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://litecoin.org/
Litecoin Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litecoin
Block Explorer: http://explorer.litecoin.net/
Litecoin Forum: https://litecointalk.io/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Dash (DASH)
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Dash is an altcoin (a fork of Bitcoin protocol), launched in January 2014 by Evan Duffield, an American entrepreneur, software developer and cryptocurrency enthusiast. After discovering Bitcoin in 2010, Duffield took the goal to add anonymity into the protocol, that’s why Dash is supposed to be focused on privacy and speed.

With anonymity in mind, Dash was originally named XCoin (XCO), later it changed to DarkCoin, and, finally, in March 2015 the asset took the name ‘Dash’. Dash is actually governed by its masternodes. To become one of them, it is required to own 1000 DASH, have a static IP and meet the minimum PC requirements. The masternodes not just hold a copy of blockchain and validate transactions on the network, they also vote on proposals of possible Dash ecosystem improvements. Aside from mastermodes, the system includes standard nodes and miners. Nowadays, Dash is one of the most popular and traded coins.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://www.dash.org/
Dash Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dash
Block Explorer: https://explorer.dash.org/chain/Dash
Dash Forum: https://www.dash.org/forum/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
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After a lot of criticism towards Bitcoin, a group of developers aiming to increase bitcoin's block size limit prepared a code change , Finally on August 1, 2017 Bitcoin went through a hard fork resulting in Bitcoin ledger called blockchain and the cryptocurrency split in 2 assets: Bitcoin (BTC) and Bitcoin Cash (BCH). Bitcoin Cash is often called ‘a product of the hard fork’. In fact though it is a cryptocurrency as well as a payment network. It is a peer-to-peer electronic cash, enabling new economies with low fee micro-transactions, large business transactions, and permissionless spending. In November 2018, another hard-fork chain splits Bitcoin Cash into 2 factions called Bitcoin ABC and Bitcoin SV.

Useful Links:
Website: https://www.bitcoinabc.org/
Bitcoin Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin_Cash
Block Explorer: https://explorer.bitcoin.com/bch
Bitcoin Cash Forum: https://forum.bitcoin.com/bitcoin-cash-f119/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Ethereum Classic (ETC)
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Ethereum Classic ETC is an Ethereum hard fork created to preserve the original Ethereum coding after The Decentralized Autonomous Organization (The DAO, an Ethereum-based project) was hacked. It caused a loss of over 6.2 million Ether and crippling decentralized application development. At block 1920000, Ethereum mining nodes were forked to return the stolen Ether, and the minority that continued running the original hacked ledger created Ethereum Classic.

This makes ETC similar to Bitcoin forks like Bitcoin Cash in that its value will forever be tied to Ethereum, regardless of each project’s philosophical or technical differences down the line. It’s also not the only Ethereum fork, which include EtherZero, EthereumFog, Ether Gold, and EtherInc.

And the upcoming Ethereum Casper update to Proof of Stake mining will almost certainly create another fork. ASIC mining companies like Bitmain, dApp projects like Cryptokitties, and even competitors like EOS ultimately depend on Ethereum.

These simultaneous blockchain versions running can be seen similar to Microsoft supporting versions of its Windows OS all the way back to the original in special cases (such as satellites and equipment launched into space during those eras). In this context, having multiple versions running is a great toolkit for developers and users alike and expands on the Ethereum Foundation’s initial promise of a blockchain-based future.

Ethereum Classic (ETC) is a smarter blockchain, it is a network, a community, and a cryptocurrency that takes digital assets further. In addition to allowing people to send value to each other, ETC allows for complex contracts that operate autonomously and cannot be modified or censored.

This may be best explained with an analogy, imagine Bitcoin as a landline phone—it does one thing very well. ETC is like a smartphone—it can do everything Bitcoin can and much more.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://ethereumclassic.org/
Ethereum Classic Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethereum_Classic
Block Explorer: https://gastracker.io/
Ethereum Classic Forum: https://forum.ethereumclassic.org/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

NEO (NEO)
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NEO, formally Antshares, is a blockchain driven platform and cryptocurrency designed to build a scalable network of decentralized applications. The platform was founded as both a community-driven and funded project with the goal of using blockchain technology to digitize assets using smart contracts and common programming language.

The NEO ecosystem includes:
NeoQ – A cryptographic mechanism creating problems that cannot be solved by quantum computers and ensuring being quantum-proof.
NeoX – the system allowing creation of the ability to execute and operate across various Blockchains.
Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (DBFT) algorithm - a consensus mechanism allowing the system to resist the Byzantine Generals problem and maintains consensus even if some nodes bare malicious intentions.
NeoFS – a service which allows decentralized data storage.
NEO Contract – a system which allows to create smart contracts seamlessly in scalable, high performance environments integrating pre-existing codebases.

Similar to Ether NEO need its own GAS. GAS is a Proof of Stake generated with each new NEO block. The release entails 8 GAS per block reduced by 1 each next year. This will go until 100 million GAS are produced after which there will be no further GAS issued. GAS is needed for NEO holders to use the NEO network and suite of services.

The key difference between NEO and Ethereum is that NEO developers can write smart contract protocols using common programming languages such as Java, C# etc, while Ethereum developers should learn Ethereum unique language called ‘Solidity’.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://neo.org/
NEO Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo
Block Explorer: https://neoscan.io/
NEO Forum: https://www.reddit.com/r/NEO/
Market Capitalizations: https://coinmarketcap.com/

DestoCoin (DEO)
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DEO is issued by DESTO Blockchain development team with the goal of transaction speed. Dealing with debit card payments, merchant solutions, all types of financial related payments, will demand speed. Not 1 minute nor 2 minutes, but 1 to 5 seconds. That is the biggest hindrance to adoption of Bitcoin, and other altcoin for daily transactional purpose.

Desto Team aims DEO to serve the purpose of highly secure transactions, fast and efficient with low transaction fees. Therefore, DESTO can waive fees of merchants who are adopting DESTO PAY system as part of their solution to receive payments.

Transactions at Desto ecosystem will be verified by consensus amongst all the members in the network. When the consensus has been established, the current ledger is considered ‘closed’, thus becoming the last closed ledger. One direct benefit is the non-dependency on excessive mining which wastes a lot of energy. Thus the company contributes to the effort of reducing harm to nature and environment. Other than that, transactions are also very cheap, despite the global access that all of the users can enjoy at any given time. The best benefit of this technology is the fast processing time that takes only 3 seconds. Every payment and transaction will take only mere seconds to be completed, putting DEO ahead of the pack. This is due to the algorithm behind DEO that allows for a shorter time of transaction. The lack of dependency on third party institutions is also another factor of this occurrence. This fast paced transaction speed allows users to trade and utilize their DEO without any delay.

The total maximum coin supply for DEO is capped at 300,000,000 to preserve its value and sustainability in the long term. Meanwhile, the circulating coin supply currently stands at 100,000,000 DEO.

Useful Links:
Official Website: https://desto.io/
Block Explorer: https://www.deoscan.io/